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   2001| October-December  | Volume 45 | Issue 4  
    Online since September 29, 2010

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Risk factors of diarrhoea among flood victims : a controlled epidemiological study.
NC Mondal, R Biswas, A Manna
October-December 2001, 45(4):122-7
The concept and practice of 'disaster preparedness and response', instead of traditional casualty relief, is relatively new. Vulnerability analysis and health risks assessment of disaster prone communities are important prerequisites of meaningful preparedness and effective response against any calamity. In this community based study, the risk of diarrhoeal disease and its related epidemiological factors were analysed by collecting data from two selected flood prone block of Midnapur district of West Bengal. The information was compared with that of another population living in two non-flood prone blocks of the same district. The study showed that diarrhoeal disease was the commonest morbidity in flood prone population. Some behaviours, like use of pond water for utensil wash and kitchen purpose, hand washing after defecation without soap, improper hand washing before eating, open field defecation, storage of drinking water in wide mouth vessels etc. were found to be associated with high attack rate of diarrhoea, in both study and control population during flood season compared to pre-flood season. Attack rates were also significantly higher in flood prone population than that of population in non-flood prone area during the same season. Necessity of both community education for proper water use behaviour and personal hygiene along with ensuring safe water and sanitation facilities of flood affected communities were emphasized.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  519 0 11
Nutritional status of adolescent girls of a slum community of Varanasi.
N Singh, CP Mishra
October-December 2001, 45(4):128-34
In order to assess nutritional status of adolescent girls of a slum community of Varanasi and factors influencing them, this study was carried out on 70 girls belonging to the age group 13 to 18 years. The study subjects were selected from Sunderpur, an urban community of Varanasi, by adopting appropriate sampling methodology. The approach adopted for the study was a cross sectional one. The tools in the study were pre-designed and pre-tested schedule, weighing scale, steel anthoropometric rod and measuring tape. The techniques of the study included interview method, clinical examination and anthropometry. In all, 70.0% adolescent girls had BMI < 20%; 51.43% study subjects were suffering from Chronic Energy Deficiency (CED). Stunting (Height for age alpha 90%) was present in 10% of adolescent girls. Their average Weight, Height, MAC were 83.45%, 93.08% and 82.05% of the corresponding estimated reference values. Significant association of common parameters (viz., age, caste, income, type of family, working and literacy status) with nutritional status of study subjects was not observed in this study. However, lesser undernutrition in large families (> 6) indicated role of familial support in prevention of undernutrition in adolescent girls.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  518 0 8
Coverage of Maternal Care Services in the state of West Bengal.
RN Sinha, S Dasgupta, D Pal, NK Mondal, PR Karmakar, B Baur, AK Mandal
October-December 2001, 45(4):116-21
Evaluation of the Coverage of Maternal Care Services was conducted during the year 1999 in the entire State of West Bengal, Urban poor localities of randomly selected three Municipal Corporation areas and 'high-risk' urban wards or villages of West Bengal that had reported AFP cases in 1998. It was observed that mothers who had three or more antenatal check-ups varied between 54% to 82% in different study areas. Tetanus Toxoid coverage varied between 83.5% to 93.4% being lowest in high-risk areas. Only a very small section of mothers (12.7% to 23.7%) consumed 100 or more Iron and Folic acid tablets during pregnancy. 'Danger Signs' of pregnancy were informed to only 21.1% to 38.2% of the pregnant mothers. Proportion of home deliveries varied between 16.7% (Calcutta) to as high as 72.7% (high-risk areas). Deliveries conducted by untrained personnel were 60.8% in high risk areas, 38.1% in State clusters and between 14.2% to 29.4% in the three urban areas. Vast majority of mothers (78.8% to 88.4%) received no post-natal check-up.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  431 0 3
Study of interspouse communication and adoption of family planning and immunization services in a rural block of Varanasi District.
VM Gupta, R Jain, P Sen
October-December 2001, 45(4):110-5
Interspouse communication was studied in some pertinent areas which have an important bearing on day to day transactions. The level of such communication measured on a three-point scale was studied for its role on acceptance of family planning and immunization services. 200 currently married females residing with their husbands in a rural block of Varanasi, in the reproductive age group, with at least one child aged 1-3 years were selected and interviewed. Scores were ascribed for 12 selected items of conversation according to frequency of conversation on a three point scale based on which high, medium and low communicators were delineated. In this study high, medium and low communicators were found to be 14%, 40% and 45% respectively. Topics of importance which never featured in interspouse communication were menstrual problems (44%), when to have first child (82.5%) and birth spacing (48.5%). Interspouse communication was better in upper castes and joint families. Literacy status of both husband and wife and per capita income of the family revealed positive relationship with inter-spouse communication. Adoption and practice of family planning methods as well as full immunization coverage of the child in the family were observed to be higher among high and medium communicators as compared to low degree of communcators (p < 0.001).
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available     [PubMed]
  423 0 -
Hepatitis B viral infection amongst hospital personnel in Calcutta.
S Bhattacharya, BS Dalal, I Bhattacharya, A Lahiri
October-December 2001, 45(4):135-6
Full text not available    [CITATIONS]  [PubMed]
  221 0 1
Promoting health, changing behaviour--issues and challenges.
M Dobe, A Mandal
October-December 2001, 45(4):107-9
Full text not available     [PubMed]
  173 0 -