Indian Journal of Public Health

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2022  |  Volume : 66  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 9--14

Association of birth weight with risk factors of cardiovascular diseases: A birth cohort analysis from a rural area of Northern India


Divya Valecha1, P. V. M. Lakshmi2, Naresh Sachdeva3, Rajesh Kumar4 
1 Former Junior Resident, Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
2 Professor, Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
3 Additional Professor, Department of Endocrinology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
4 Former Professor, Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Rajesh Kumar
Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh
India

Background: Fetal origin of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) hypothesis has been explored mostly in retrospective studies. Objectives: A prospective study was conducted to find the association of birth weight with CVD risk factors. Methods: A cohort of 243 babies born in 1992–1993 in ten villages of Raipur Rani Block in India, were followed-up in 2016–2017. WHO STEPS methods were used to assess the risk factors of CVDs. A total of 213 (87.8%) participants were examined; blood samples were collected from 207. Multivariable regression analysis was done to adjust for the confounding variables. Results: Study participants were 22–24 year old, 27.7% were exposed to tobacco and 24.8% consumed alcohol, 3.3% were taking >5 servings of fruits and vegetables per day, 35.7% were physically inactive, 28.6% were overweight (body mass index [BMI] ≥23 kg/m2), 12.2% had hypertension, 16% had high cholesterol (≥200 mg/dl), 16.4% had insulin resistance (IR) (Homeostatic Model Assessment-IR >3), and 20.7% were born with low birth weight (<2.5 kg). Multivariable regression analysis revealed inverse relationship between birth weight and systolic blood pressure (regression coefficient ‒3.72 mmHg, 95% confidence interval ‒7.249; ‒0.183, P < 0.05). Conclusion: Birth weight has inverse relationship with blood pressure. Effect of birth weight on CVDs should also be studied in future follow-ups.


How to cite this article:
Valecha D, Lakshmi P, Sachdeva N, Kumar R. Association of birth weight with risk factors of cardiovascular diseases: A birth cohort analysis from a rural area of Northern India.Indian J Public Health 2022;66:9-14


How to cite this URL:
Valecha D, Lakshmi P, Sachdeva N, Kumar R. Association of birth weight with risk factors of cardiovascular diseases: A birth cohort analysis from a rural area of Northern India. Indian J Public Health [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 May 27 ];66:9-14
Available from: https://www.ijph.in/article.asp?issn=0019-557X;year=2022;volume=66;issue=1;spage=9;epage=14;aulast=Valecha;type=0