Indian Journal of Public Health

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2022  |  Volume : 66  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 27--32

A real-time investigation on public health consequences of chromium laden effluent from the leather industries


Rinaldo John1, Anand Prem Rajan2 
1 PhD Scholar, Department of Bio-Medical Sciences, School of Bio Sciences and Technology, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Associate Professor, Department of Bio-Medical Sciences, School of Bio Sciences and Technology; Research Officer, CO2 Research and Green Technology Centre, VIT, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Anand Prem Rajan
Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of BioSciences and Technology, VIT, Vellore - 632 014, Tamil Nadu
India

Background: Extensive evidence of elevated chromium (Cr) in the surface and groundwater exists. However, the importance of exposure toward Cr-associated health risks in areas with tanneries is still often neglected. These situations prompted an independent research study to investigate the views of those close-knit communities who are being directly affected by this tannery village. Objectives: To establish an understanding of the local demographics and; exploratory data analysis (EDA) to discover patterns in the occurrence of diseases; measure the awareness of residents of the presence of Cr and its harmful health effects. Methods: The EDA technique was used to conduct survey studies on data to uncover patterns, identify anomalies, test hypotheses, and validate assumptions using summary statistics and graphical representations. Results: Out of 14 diseases directly linked to high Cr toxicity, the study reported high levels of diarrhea, epigastric pain, and moderate-to-severe cases of vertigo among those aged more than 22 years. With over 90 active tanneries and toxic Cr released to the environment in a town of <78 km2 area (1.2 tannery/km), there are only 15 hospitals (0.2 hospitals/km) for the population currently accommodating more than a quarter-million people daily (3205 people/km). Conclusion: New mitigation strategies must be put forth to alleviate the negative impacts of the tanneries on the residents and nature most affected as well as the population as a whole.


How to cite this article:
John R, Rajan AP. A real-time investigation on public health consequences of chromium laden effluent from the leather industries.Indian J Public Health 2022;66:27-32


How to cite this URL:
John R, Rajan AP. A real-time investigation on public health consequences of chromium laden effluent from the leather industries. Indian J Public Health [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Jun 30 ];66:27-32
Available from: https://www.ijph.in/article.asp?issn=0019-557X;year=2022;volume=66;issue=1;spage=27;epage=32;aulast=John;type=0