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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 66  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 45-50

Tuberculosis case notification by registered private medical practitioners in Kolkata: A mixed-methods study


1 Senior Resident, Department of Community Medicine, Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Professor and Head of Department, Department of Community Medicine, Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
4 Statistician-Cum-Tutor, Department of Community Medicine, Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Mausumi Basu
Department of Community Medicine, Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijph.ijph_1073_22

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Background: Under-notification of tuberculosis (TB) cases remains a persistent problem that impedes accurate estimation of the disease burden. India's private health sector contributes to only one-fourth of the total TB notifications. Objectives: The present study was conducted among registered private practitioners in Kolkata to assess their knowledge, attitude and practice on TB notification, to find the socio-demographic and work-related factors associated with it, to identify the barriers faced by them in notifying TB cases and to elicit suggested solutions in overcoming these barriers. Materials and Methods: It was an observational study, cross-sectional in design following explanatory sequential mixed-methods approach conducted among 426 private practitioners in Kolkata Municipal Corporation area over 2 years (July 2019–October 2021). Quantitative data were analyzed using SPSS 25.0 with suitable descriptive and inferential statistics. Qualitative data were analyzed using Atlas.ti 7.1 and data were represented in the form of themes, codes, and verbatims. Results: Out of 426, 295 (69.2%) of the study population had adequate knowledge, 385 (90.4%) had positive attitude and only 115 (27.0%) had satisfactory practice. Lack of awareness, inadequate communication, and breaching patient confidentiality were the main barriers identified. Suggested solutions to improve engagement of private sector were organizing more continuing medical educations, active case finding, and acknowledgement to private practitioners on notification. Conclusion: Private practitioners had adequate knowledge on TB notification, their attitude was very positive but practice was poor. Training and sensitization of private practitioners on notification are recommended with feedback from both ends.


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