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BRIEF RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 66  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 504-507

Extent, spectrum, and predictors of cognitive impairment in urban geriatric population in a district of North India


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Family and Community Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Allahabad, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Priya Keshari
Department of Family and Community Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Allahabad, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijph.ijph_1513_21

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Cognitive impairment (CI) is no longer considered a normal and inevitable change of aging. This study was carried out to assess extent, spectrum, and predictors of cognitive impairment in the participants. A community-based cross-sectional study was done on 616 urban geriatric participants of Varanasi city selected by multistage sampling procedure. The participants were interviewed about their sociodemographic profile using a predesigned and pretested pro forma, and their cognition was assessed through Mini-Mental State Examination tool. Logistic regression analysis was applied for an inferential purpose. Adjusted odds ratios (AORs) and 95% confidence interval were computed. Extent of cognitive impairment in geriatric participants was 22.4%. AORs were maximum in ≥80 years (21.23; 95% Confidence Interval: 7.05–63.94), in illiterate and just literate participants (13.71; 95% Confidence Interval: 6.49–28.98) and in homemakers (17.0; 95% Confidence Interval: 4.28–67.49). Nine out of 40 urban geriatric participants had cognitive impairment. Adversities of cognitive impairment were more with advancing age, nonengagement in gainful employment, and low literacy levels.


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