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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 66  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 439-442

Effectiveness of psychoeducative intervention on quality of life among caregivers of patients with schizophrenia: A randomized control trial


1 Lecturer, Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Sri Ramachandra Faculty of Nursing, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research (DU), Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Professor, Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Sri Ramachandra Faculty of Nursing, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research (DU), Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
G J Sara Sapharina
Lecturer, Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Sri Ramachandra Faculty of Nursing, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research (DU), Porur, Chennai - 600 116, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijph.ijph_2094_21

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Background: The caregiver, who is taking care of a patient with schizophrenia, needs to spend an extensive amount of time, energy, and money during the process of caregiving, which is the major root cause for the psychological strain and physical exhaustion. Objectives: The objectives were to evaluate the effectiveness of psychoeducative intervention on quality of life (QOL) and associate QOL with selected background variables among caregivers of patients with schizophrenia. Methods: A quantitative research with evaluative approach was used. The research design adopted was randomized controlled trial. The study had two groups, a study group and a control group. A sample size of 150 (75 in each group) caregivers of patients with schizophrenia equally distributed to study and control groups were included. The World Health Organization QOL – BREF scale is used to assess the QOL among caregivers, in this study. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: The repeated measures of analysis of variance computed for QOL scores for within the study group (F = 15.82, P = 0.001), control group (F = 5.06, P = 0.004), and between the study and control groups (F = 1.42, P = 0.02) were significant. The changes observed from pretest to posttest 1 were statistically significant. There was a significant association between QOL scores and selected background variables such as social support and medical expenses among caregivers in the control group. Conclusion: The present study concludes that psychoeducative intervention was found to be very effective in improving QOL among caregivers of patients with schizophrenia.


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