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BRIEF RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 66  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 367-370

Nurse-led cardiovascular diseases risk assessment and communication using WHO/ISH risk prediction chart in a tertiary care hospital of North India


1 M.Sc Nursing Student, National Institute of Nursing Education, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
2 Associate Professor, National Institute of Nursing Education, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
3 Professor, Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
4 Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
5 Associate Professor, Department of Hospital Administration, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Kavita Kavita
National Institute of Nursing Education, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijph.ijph_1539_21

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Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) contribute to most of the potentially preventable burden through early risk assessment. Nurse-led CVD risk assessment is an effective strategy to address the human resource crisis for CVD prevention. An interventional study was conducted in medicine wards of a tertiary care hospital in North India to train nurses in CVD risk assessment and its communication. All bedside nurses (n = 30) of selected wards were enrolled and trained in CVD risk assessment and communication using WHO/ISH risk prediction charts. Once fully trained, each nurse enrolled patients (>40 years of age) from their respective wards to assess and communicate CVD risk. To calculate the reliability of risk assessment, investigator simultaneously assessed CVD risk with nurses. The mean age of nurses was 32.07 ± 6.31 years. The results revealed that training significantly increased the knowledge of nursing personnel (P < 0.001). There was perfect inter-rater reliability agreement (Cohen's k = 0.929) between nurses and investigators while assessing CVD risk. Nurses demonstrated good communication skills. The study concluded that nurses can be trained successfully in CVD risk assessment and communication. The study recommends the task shifting of CVD risk assessment to nurses after providing proper training.


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