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BRIEF RESEARCH ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 66  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 337-340

Intrinsic capacity of rural elderly in thar desert using world health organization integrated care for older persons screening tool: A pilot study


1 Director, Asian Centre for Medical Education, Research and Innovation, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
2 Additional Professor, Community Medicine and Family Medicine, Coordinator, School of Public Health, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
3 Demonstrator, School of Public Health, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
4 Academic Head School of Public Health, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Arvind Mathur
Asian Centre for Medical Education, Research and Innovation, Shastri Nagar, Jodhpur - 342 005, Rajasthan
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijph.ijph_731_22

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Integrated Care for Older Persons (ICOPE) screening tool helps to address declines in physical and mental capacities in older people. In India, majority of the older population resides in rural areas and there is a paucity of studies that demonstrates the utility of the ICOPE screening tool in India. Thus, a cross-sectional study was conducted to demonstrate the feasibility of using the World Health Organization ICOPE screening tool in a rural population. Comprehensive geriatric assessment of intrinsic capacity revealed cognitive decline in 31.5% (n = 142) participants, diminished mobility 52.1% (n = 235) participants, eye problems in 49.4% (n = 223) participants, and hearing loss in 68.3% (n = 308) participants. Gender difference was statistically significant with mobility limitation (P = 0.005; χ2 = 7.95) and feeling of pain (P = 0.001; χ2 = 15.64), being more in females than males. This tool seems suitable in identifying the intrinsic capacity of the rural elderly.


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