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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 66  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 323-326

Psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic among adults in India: A longitudinal study

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Mehr Chand Mahajan DAV College for Women, Chandigarh, India
2 Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Manjit Sidhu
Mehr Chand Mahajan DAV College for Women, Sector 36, Chandigarh - 160 036
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijph.ijph_1034_21

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A longitudinal follow-up design was used to study the psychological distress and coping among 168 individuals immediately after the national lockdown and after 6 months of the pandemic. Psychological distress was measured using the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS-21). The coping strategies used were measured by the Brief-COPE, and Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale (IUS-12) was employed to measure response to uncertainty. On follow-up, the prevalence rates for severe/very severe levels of depression, anxiety, and stress had increased substantially from time 1 to time 2. The stepwise multivariate regression analyses revealed that the change in the three DASS-21 scores over time was primarily predicted by intolerance of uncertainty as measured by the IUS-12 and dysfunctional style as assessed by the coping Brief-COPE. There is a need to implement public health policies that promote psychological resilience among high-risk groups.

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