Users Online: 1456 Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size
 

 

Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
     
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 66  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 264-268

Factors Affecting Stunting in Children under 5 Years of Age in Indonesia using Spatial Model


1 Associate Professor, Department of Statistics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Indonesia
2 Senior Lecturer, Department of Statistics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Indonesia
3 Senior Lecturer, Department of Industrial Engineering, All Universitas Syiah Kuala Banda Aceh, Indonesia
4 Researcher, Department of Statistics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Zurnila Marli Kesuma
Department of Statistics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23112
Indonesia
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ijph.ijph_1989_21

Rights and Permissions

Background: Stunting in children under 5 years of age is a condition where they have a length or height that is less than −2 standard deviations of the growth standard of Indonesian children. Stunting is caused by chronic malnutrition in the first 1000 days of life. The spatial panel data method was developed to solve problems related to spatial objects that are measured periodically by involving elements of area and time. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the best model and factors that influence stunting in children under 5 years of age in Indonesia using spatial panel data. Methods: The data used were from the website of the Central Statistics Agency and the publications of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia in 2015–2019. Determination of the selected model is done by comparing the random effect spatial autoregressive model and spatial error model (SEM) random effect based on the value and Akaike information criterion (AIC). SEM random effect produces the largest value and the smallest AIC. Results: The selected spatial panel data model in determining the factors that influence stunting in children under 5 years of age in Indonesia is the SEM random effect based on the largest and AIC compared to other models. Conclusion: Based on the selected model, children under five with malnutrition and poor nutrition, receiving Vitamin A, and the average monthly per capita expenditure on food have a significant effect on the percentage of stunting in children under five in Indonesia.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed174    
    Printed0    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded35    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal