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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 66  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 239-244

Burden of COVID-19: DALY and productivity loss for Karnataka, India

1 Senior Engineer-Data Science, Altimetrik India Private Limited, Bangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Statistics, CHRIST (Deemed to be University), Bangalore, Karnataka, India
3 Professor, Department of Statistics, Karnatak University, Dharwad, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Suhas Bhat
Assistant Professor, Department of Statistics, CHRIST (Deemed to be University), Bangalore - 560 029, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijph.ijph_959_21

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Background: COVID-19 is a pandemic that is devastating the world right now quelling over 2.5 million people worldwide. Similarly, in India and its largest southern state Karnataka, the coronavirus is responsible for around 161,000 and 12,449 deaths, respectively. These numbers capture the havoc caused by this novel coronavirus, but fail to discern the complete picture. Objectives: Broadly, this study aimed to study the mortality, morbidity, and the economic issues inflicted by the COVID-19 in the state of Karnataka. Specifically, the study used publically available epidemiological data to study both mortality and morbidity by means of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). Furthermore, the study aimed at estimating the permanent losses to the state gross domestic product (SGDP) due to the pandemic. Materials and Methods: Publicly available epidemiological data are used from selected sources and DALYs are computed. The permanent loss to the SGDP is estimated using the human capital approach. Results: The total DALYs for Karnataka are computed to be 22,506 of which 22,041 correspond to mortality and remaining correspond to morbidity. Financially, Karnataka lost around 208 years of productive years of lives costing around ₹590 million rupees to the SGDP. Conclusions: It is found that major burden of COVID-19 during study period is due to mortality. Morbidity accounts for around 2% of the total DALYs. Males are the most affected by the mortality and also the morbidity. With respect to loss in productivity, the losses due to premature mortality of COVID-19 amounted to ₹590 million.

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