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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 66  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 136-140

Outcome of surgical condition of neonates who underwent surgery: A prospective study from a tertiary care center

1 Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Kamla Raja Hospital, Gajra Raja Medical College, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India
2 Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Kamla Raja Hospital, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Ghanshyam Das
Department of Pediatrics, Kamla Raja Hospital, Gajra Raja Medical College, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijph.ijph_1564_21

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Background: The neonatal period is a highly vulnerable time for an infant, who is completing many of the physiologic adjustments required for extra- uterine survival. If the neonate has a coexisting pathology which needs surgery, this challenge is magnified. Neonatal surgical conditions are unique in their type because some require early diagnosis, prompt surgery and postoperative care to improve the survival and outcome. Objective: The aim of this study was to know the clinical profile of congenital surgical conditions and to estimate the burden and outcome in special new born care unit. Method: The study population include 138 surgical neonate admitted in special new born care unit, department of paediatrics, Kamla Raja Hospital, Gajra Raja Medical College, Gwalior (M.P.) from April 2017 to April 2018 including six month follow up period. Results: Total admission in special new born care unit were 5378 out of which 138 (2.5%) neonates of surgical condition were admitted in the study period. Incidence of neonatal surgical condition was found to be 8.48%. Surgery was performed in 57 (41.30%) neonates. The Commonest neonatal surgical condition was constituted by gastrointestinal system (39.13%). Among gastrointestinal system anomalies, tracheoesophageal fistula were 28.6% of total gastrointestinal system cases. The most common surgical condition encountered was meningomyelocele, 23.36% of total cases. The survival of neonatal surgical condition in hospital was 52.89% and after six month follow up was 26.08%. The overall mortality with neonatal surgical condition in this study was 73.91%. Maternal age, antenatal care, history of congenital malformation, socioeconomic status, mode of delivery, prematurity, type of admission, single or multiple surgical condition, inotropic and ventilation support, post operative complication were significantly associated with final outcome of neonatal surgical condition. Conclusion: High mortality was found in neonates suffering from surgical conditions. Commonest anomaly includes conditions of gastrointestinal tract. Maternal age more than 35 year, poor antenatal care, prematurity, vaginal delivery, extra mural neonate, multiple surgical condition, inotropic and ventilation support and post operative complications were associated with increased mortality.

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