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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 66  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 57-60

Physical and mental health status of women whose spouses inject drugs – A cross-sectional, multisite study

1 Additional Professor, National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre, AIIMS, New Delhi, India
2 Senior Resident, National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre, AIIMS, New Delhi, India
3 Chief of Party -Global Fund, Save the Children, Nepal
4 Additional Project Director, New Delhi, India
5 Programme Manager, Drug Use and Harm Reduction, Alliance India, New Delhi, India
6 Joint Director Delhi State AIDS Control Society, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Ravindra Rao
No, 4096, Department of Psychiatry, 4th Floor, Teaching Block, AIIMS, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi-29
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_1249_20

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Substance use disorder impacts the lives of significant others, more especially the wives of individuals using substances. However, the physical and mental health issues among wives of people who inject drugs (PWID) are less studied. The current cross-sectional, multisite study assessed the physical and mental health of wives of 433 PWID across six sites in Delhi. The mean age of the participants was 32.7 years (standard deviation: 9.7). More than 50% of the participants reported menstrual problems, most commonly dysmenorrhea. Around 55.9% had adverse pregnancy outcomes (abortion, miscarriage, or stillbirth). Around one out of four participants reported at least one specific sexually transmitted infection symptom. Around 11% were diagnosed with tuberculosis and 35% with a major medical illness in their lifetime. More than 90% of the participants had depressive and anxiety symptoms. The study showed that there is a huge burden of physical and mental health issues among the wives of PWID.

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