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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 65  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 110-115

Impact assessment of accreditation in primary and secondary public health-care institutions in Kerala, India

Assistant Professor, Department of Travel and Tourism Management, Govinda Pai Memorial Government College, Kasaragod, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Sindhu Joseph
Department of Travel and Tourism Management, Govinda Pai Memorial Government College, Manjeshwar, Kasaragod - 671 323, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_827_20

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Background: Accreditation has become a benchmark for health-care organizations that require huge investment and effort. The impact of accreditation in health-care delivery needs to be assessed. Objectives: The study aimed to assess the impact of accreditation on the quality of public healthcare delivery in primary and secondary healthcare settings in Kerala. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from July 2017 to July 2018 among 621 in-patients in medical wards at accredited (312) and nonaccredited (309) primary (community health center) and secondary (general, women and children, and taluk level hospitals) public health-care facilities. Ten constructs such as physical facility, admission services, patient centeredness, accessibility of medical care, financial matters, professionalism, staff services, medical quality, diagnostic services, and patient satisfaction were used in the study. Nonaccredited and accredited hospitals were compared using Median and Kruskal–Wallis test using SPSS version 22, with a set significance level of P ≤0 .05. Results: The median score of constructs of accredited primary health-care facilities in the Structure, Process, and Outcome domains are higher than the nonaccredited hospitals. There are significant differences between the scores of these three domains in accredited and nonaccredited primary health-care institutions but absent in secondary care institutions. Conclusion: If accreditation has to bring the embedded quality, structural, and procedural aspects of health-care facilities must be improved. Structural upgradation of a health-care facility alone cannot guarantee patient satisfaction. Accreditation process must be perceived as a tool for holistic and continuous transformation of a health-care facility overarching infrastructural and interpersonal domains.

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