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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 64  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 413-416

Prevalence of depression and the associated factors among the software professionals in Delhi: A cross-sectional study

1 Senior Resident, Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India
2 Director Professor and Head, Department of Community Medicine, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College, Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
P Aravind Gandhi
Room No. 135, Department of Community Medicine and School of Public Health, PGIMER, Chandigarh - 160 012
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_568_19

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India is home to an estimated 57 million people (18% of the global estimate) affected by depression. We conducted a cross-sectional study to determine the prevalence of depression and associated factors among software professionals in Delhi National Capital Region, during 2017–2018 with a sample size of 310. Two-stage cluster sampling was used. A predesigned, pretested, semi-structured, English questionnaire was used. Patient Health Questionnaire 9, CAGE, CAGE Adapted to Include Drugs (CAGE-AID) questionnaire, Fagerstrom test for nicotine dependence questionnaire was used. Forty percent (124) of the participants were screened to have major depressive disorder. There was a statistically significant association between depression and marital status (P = 0.041), family type (P = 0.008), alcohol use (P < 0.001), substance use (P = 0.014), multiple roles in a project (P < 0.001), and shift of work (P < 0.008). Considering the high prevalence of depression, mental health screening program, sensitization, and promotion must be incorporated into the IT industry to prevent and detect depression early.

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