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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 62  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 117-122

Prevalence of osteoarthritis of knee joint among adult population in a rural area of Kanchipuram District, Tamil Nadu

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, JIPMER, Pondicherry, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, PIMS, Pondicherry, Tamil Nadu, India
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Madurai Medical College, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Believers Church Medical College Hospital, Thiruvalla, Kerala, India
5 Lecturer, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, PIMS, Pondicherry, Tamil Nadu, India
6 (Rtd) Professor and Head of Community Medicine, PIMS, Pondicherry, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Jayaseelan Venkatachalam
Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, JIPMER, Dhanwanthri Nagar, Pondicherry - 605 006
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_344_16

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Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common degenerative disorders among the elderly population; although aging is the most important cause, research has shown that it is a complex disease with many etiologies. It is not an inevitable part of aging but rather the result of a combination of factors, many of which can be modified or prevented. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the burden and determinants of OA knee among the adult population. Methods: A community-based, cross-sectional study among 1986 adult persons living in a rural area in Kanchipuram district, Tamil Nadu, South India, was interviewed and examined from January 2014 to December 2014. Data collection was done by the postgraduates, trained health workers under the supervision of principal investigator. Written and informed consent was obtained before data collection. OA was diagnosed using the criteria laid down by the American College of Rheumatology, and it was validated and tested in the study area. Results: A total of 1986 adult respondents were interviewed out of which 27.1% had OA of knee. Age more than 50 years, female gender, tobacco usage, illiteracy, lower socioeconomic class, positive family history of OA, diabetes, and hypertension were found to be associated with OA knee (P < 0.05). Conclusion: The burden of osteoarthritis knee was high in this region. Hence, effective preventive strategy has to be taken to minimize this burden.

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