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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 61  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 67-73

Out-of-Pocket health expenditure and sources of financing for delivery, postpartum, and neonatal health in urban slums of Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

1 Teaching Assistant, Indian Institute of Public Health Bhubaneswar (PHFI), Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
2 Project Officer (Planning and Quality Assurance) Directorate of Health and Family Welfare, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Kirti Sundar Sahu
Plot No. 2132 A/6, Nageswar Tangi, Old Town, Bhubaneswar - 751 002, Odisha
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_168_15

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Background: Out-of-pocket expenditure (OOPE) is an obstacle in the path of getting universal health coverage in India. Objective: This study aimed to explore the OOPE, sources of funding, and experience of catastrophic expenditure (CE) for healthcare related to delivery, postpartum, and neonatal morbidity. Methods: A community-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted among a sample of 240 recently delivered women from the slums of Bhubaneswar, Odisha. Information on background, details of delivery, expenditure on delivery and on morbidities, and sources of funding was collected using a structured interview schedule. Results: Only 29.6% of the households incurred OOPE, and the others incurred either nil OOPE or had a net income because of benefits received from Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram (JSSK), Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY), and “Mamata” schemes of the government. The median total OOPE was found to be 2100 INR (100–38,620). Multivariate analysis found parity, place of delivery, type of delivery, and presence of morbidity to be significantly associated with incurring any OOPE. Nearly 15% of the households incurred OOPE exceeding 40% of the reported monthly household income including 9%, whose OOPE was 100% or more of the reported household monthly income. Conclusion: While mechanisms such as JSSK, JSY, and Mamata had benefitted the vast majority, around half of those who did incur OOPE experienced CE. Additional insurance facility for cesarean section delivery might reduce the excessive financial burden on households.

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