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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 54  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 11-17

Influenza pandemic preparedness and response: A review of legal frameworks in India

1 Public Health Specialist, Public Health Foundation of India
2 Legal Officer, Public Health Foundation of India
3 Director (Public Health Education), Public Health Foundation of India
4 President, Public Health Foundation of India

Correspondence Address:
Sukanya Hazarika
Legal Officer, PHFI, New Delhi, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0019-557X.70539

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Background: The potential of pandemics to cause global destabilization calls for robust pandemic preparedness plans with supportive health legislation. Few international studies have investigated their national legal preparedness in case of a pandemic. This study reviews India's legal preparedness in the face of an epidemic. Materials and Methods: This study reviewed and analyzed seminal publications pertinent to pandemic preparedness and relevant legal frameworks in India. The analyses are presented in matrix formats and reviewed by national experts. Results: Current legal frameworks are largely 'policing' in nature. These provisions seem to be adequate to deal with small scale emergencies but do not appear to be sufficient for large scale health crises during pandemics. Conclusion: India needs a critical mass of public health legislations to make impact and not police acts to control epidemics. This study aims to assist policy makers to create comprehensive pandemic preparedness plans, translating preparedness 'on paper' to 'in practice'.

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