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Year : 2003  |  Volume : 47  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 7-13

Acute respiratory infections in children : a community based longitudinal study in south India.

Deptt. of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka

Correspondence Address:
D Acharya
Deptt. of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 14723289

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A community based longitudinal study was conducted in Malpe, a coastal village of Udupi district, Karnataka state, to investigate acute respiratory infections (ARI) in children. A cohort of 91 children under 3 years of age were followed up for 1 year, leading to 2047 fortnightly observation. On an average every child had 11.3 months of follow up. The overall incidence of ARI was 6.42 episodes per child per year. On an average each episode lasted for 5.06 days. Mean duration of ARI during one year was 32.5 days per child. Most of the ARI episodes in children (91.3%) were of simple Cough & Cold (no pneumonia). However, 8.2% developed pneumonia and only 0.51% had severe pneumonia. Incidence of ARI was almost same in male and female children. There was no significant difference in incidence among various age groups. But the incidence of pneumonia was significantly higher among infants (p<0.00002). Children of poor housing with smoke producing conditions suffered more frequently (p,002).

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