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Year : 2002  |  Volume : 46  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 51-6

Health care options in childhood ARI before hospital care.

Deptt. of Epidemiology, National Inst. of Cholera & Enteric Diseases (ICMR), Calcutta

Correspondence Address:
A Pandey
Deptt. of Epidemiology, National Inst. of Cholera & Enteric Diseases (ICMR), Calcutta

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 12653002

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A cross sectional study was conducted, to examine the pattern of health care options, exercised before seeking care at the district hospital in the event of ARI in under fives. One hundred fifteen under fives selected through systematic sampling technique, from two district hospitals were the subjects of study. Respondents were the care providers, who accompanied children to the Hospitals. Time delay in initiating care and reaching the district hospital was also recorded. Reasons for preferring a particular source as first choice were enquired. District Hospitals stood out as the most preferred source, as 52 (45.2%) of the children used it as the first step. Other sources of health care were Health Center (10.4%), Home Care (25.2%) General Practitioners (10.4%) and Drug Stores (8.7%). On an average a child took 1.8 steps before coming to the district hospital. Children experienced 13 unique treatment patterns. Children initially offered home care followed longer sequence and more variable pattern. Convenience (62.6%) and cost (37.4%) were the main factors in choosing a source of treatment. Children who received home care were brought to district hospital earlier than others.

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