Users Online: 2258 Home Print this page Email this page Small font sizeDefault font sizeIncrease font size


Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2000  |  Volume : 44  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 111-7

Extents of contamination of top milk and their determinants in an urban slum of Varanasi, India.

Department of P.S.M., Institute of Medical Sciences Banaras, Hindu University Varanasi

Correspondence Address:
G Ray
Department of P.S.M., Institute of Medical Sciences Banaras, Hindu University Varanasi

Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 11439874

Rights and PermissionsRights and Permissions

A community based study to examine the extent of contamination of supplementary milk feeds of 149 children aged 6-24 months was conducted in a semi urban slum of Varanasi, India. Out of 201 children, 149 top milk samples were collected directly from the feeding utensils into a sterile vial and subjected to bacteriological analysis. Overall, 53.7% of milk samples were contaminated by bacteria and among them 16.1% were potentially enteropathogenic in nature. The distribution of pathogens was E. coli (13.4%), Klebsiella spp (5.4%), Enterobacter spp. (5.4%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (4.7%), Shigella spp. (2.7%) and others (22.1%). The rate of contamination was significantly higher (p < 0.001) in lower income group (73.4%), lower caste (69.6%) and in case of illiterate mothers (69.3%). Bivariate analysis indicated that wherever the afore mentioned parameters of hygiene were adverse, isolation rates increased multifoldely. Multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that the probability of a milk sample being positive for bacterial contamination was higher by 20 times when unclean utensils were used, by 3 times if mothers hands were dirty and by 2.8 time if the mothers were illiterate. The odds of contamination by pathogens was 25.7 times higher if the feeding utensils were dirty.

[PDF Not available]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded0    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 4    

Recommend this journal