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Year : 1999  |  Volume : 43  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 21-5

Integrated Child Development Services scheme (ICDS) and its impact on nutritional status of children in India and recent initiatives.

Department of Human Nutrition, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi

Correspondence Address:
U Kapil
Department of Human Nutrition, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 11243083

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Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) scheme is the largest national programme for the promotion of the mother and child health and their development in the world. The beneficiaries include children below 6 years, pregnant and lactating mothers, and other women in the age group of 15 to 44 years. The package of services provided by the ICDS scheme includes supplementary nutrition, immunization, health check-up, referral services, nutrition and health education, and pre-school education. The distribution of iron and folic acid tablets and megadose of vitamin A is also undertaken, to prevent iron deficiency anaemia and xerophthalmia respectively. The scheme services are rendered essentially through the Anganwadi worker (AWW) at a village centre called "Anganwadi". The ICDS had led to (i) reduction in prevalence of severe grades of malnutrition and (ii) better utilization of services of national nutritional anaemia prophylaxis programme and the national programme for prevention of nutritional blindness due to vitamin A deficiency by ICDS beneficiaries. The ICDS scheme is being modified continuously to strengthen the programme.

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